Google’s pivot toward gesture-based navigation has been much discussed ahead of the release of Android 9 Pie. But Android Pie gesture navigation isn’t as big a change as it may seem, especially compared to how Android Pie behaves with the feature turned off.
Android Pie gesture navigation: on or off?
For all the talk about Android Pie’s new gesture-based navigation feature, you might be surprised to learn that, if and when you upgrade your device to Pie, the feature is not turned on by default.
In the near future, phones that ship with Android Pie preinstalled—the Pixel 3 line of phones, for example—will use gesture navigation out of the box. In fact, users might(?) not be able to turn it off.
But for phones that are upgradable to Android Pie, the established 3-button navigation bar will be displayed unless you explicitly turn on gesture navigation. (At least for now.)
The path to gesture navigation: blending existing features
The primary action of the new gesture navigation system is the upward swipe from the bottom of the screen. (There are supplementary gestures attached to the new system as well, but the primary action is the focus of this article.)
The core of the new navigation system, however, is a blending of existing Android navigation functionality into a single more consistent feature. The application of the swipe gesture just takes the core idea further.
If you have upgraded to Android Pie but are still using old-school 3-button navigation, then you can see the core of the change in the expanded behavior of the Recents button. (The Recents button is typically the square button at the bottom right, but your phone’s manufacturer—*cough* Samsung *cough*—may do this differently.)
About the Recents button
Note: Google now calls this button Overview, but it they previously called it Recents. Since this button’s days are numbered, and more people seem to call it Recents anyway, let’s continue to refer to it at Recents in this article, out of respect or whatever.
In previous versions of Android, the Recents button simply brings up a list of your “open” apps.
In stock Android Oreo, for example, tapping the Recents button displays an overlapping vertical stack of large screen thumbnails. One can scroll through the list of open/recent apps, and then tap on one to open that app.
Note that this is different from browsing all your apps via the App Drawer, which is accessible by swiping up from the bottom of the Home screen.
Expanded behavior of Recents button
Android Pie changes the behavior of the Recents button by combining it with the App Drawer.
Thus, in Android Pie, tapping the Recents button now brings up a blended view:
- a horizontal array of open/recent app thumbnails, and
- a tray at the bottom that:
- includes a Google search bar
- includes a row of app shortcut icons (auto-populated by the OS based on context and usage)
- can be swiped upward to display the App Drawer
So the new blended view combines browsing recent apps with browsing all apps, though doing the latter requires an additional action.
The upshot is this: now one button combines two versions of the goal “go to another app”: 1) Go to an app that is on the open/recents view, or 2) Go to any arbitrary app from my full list.
Note that this does not comprise all versions of this user goal. For example, returning to your home screens to access your personally curated app shortcuts.
Gesture navigation takes the core idea further
Android Pie gesture navigation stands on the change to the Recents button and takes it further, by providing a semi-consistent interface for accessing open and closed apps, activated in a consistent way.
Consider the following two actions (assume gesture navigation is turned OFF):
- If you’re on a Home screen and want to browse all apps, you swipe up from the bottom of the screen
- If you’re anywhere and tap the Recents button, you can browse your open apps, and/or browse all apps by then swiping up from the bottom of the screen
The Android Pie gesture navigation system combines these two different actions into one, activated by a consistent gesture.
Gesture replaces button
As a result, the Recents button is eliminated. Instead, you swipe up from the bottom of the screen.
Note: The Android Pie gesture settings screen says “swipe up from the Home button”, but actually you can swipe up from anywhere at the bottom of the screen.
The combined behavior is applied consistently to all contexts. For example, swiping up from the bottom on a Home screen now brings up the blended Recents/App Drawer interface.
Aside from being a consistent action, using the swipe-up gesture affords Google an attempt to make accessing the App Drawer single-step process.
No need to stop on the way to the App Drawer
With Android’s 3-button navigation—whether in Pie or in previous versions—accessing the App Drawer from inside an app is always two steps: Either tap Home and then swipe up; or (in Pie only) tap Recents and then swipe up. A tap and swipe, either way.
With Android Pie gesture navigation, accessing the App Drawer can be done in a single step.
Swiping up from the bottom of the screen:
- A short swipe from the bottom reveals the open/recents view
- Continuing the swipe motion upward pulls up the App Drawer
Of course, you can still make this a two-step process. For example, one might do a short swipe up to view recents, fail to find the desired app, then swipe up again to access the App Drawer.
Gesture navigation: it’s not crazy different, but…
Android pie gesture navigation combines similar functionality and user goals into one feature, and wraps it in a consistent activation mechanism.
However, that doesn’t mean the feature is automatically better for all users. For certain, there are advantages and disadvantages to the feature, as well as ways it falls short of its own goals.
One example: existing Android users will be expected to develop new muscle memory for navigation actions, and unlearn some of the old. This is not fun. And it’s further complicated by the fact that users will still want to return to their home screens to access apps, too, and that is a separate interaction.
This is one of the reasons that the Android Pie gesture navigation system, though seemingly a big departure, winds up feeling more like an intermediate step in the direction of further planned redesign (and experimentation).
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